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In addition to understanding the installed packages on a system, YUM is like the Debian Advanced Packaging Tool (APT) in that it works with [[email protected] ~]$ gfortran --help bash: gfortran: command not found [[email protected] ~]$ gfortran --help bash: gfortran: command not found...

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As Linux developers have striven to make Linux easier to use, the basic tools have been supplemented by other tools, including GUI tools, which hide some of the complexities of the basic tools from the end user.In this tutorial and in the tutorial on Debian package management, we focus on the basic tools, although we mention some of the other tools so you can pursue them further.About this series This series of tutorials helps you learn Linux system administration tasks.You can also use the material in these tutorials to prepare for the Linux Professional Institute's LPIC-1: Linux Server Professional Certification exams.And at some time you will probably need to install new packages for added functionality, update the packages you have, or even remove packages that you no longer need or that have been made obsolete by newer packages.

Let's look at how you do these tasks, and at some of the related challenges such as finding which package might contain a particular command. RPM is now the package management system used for packaging in the Linux Standard Base (LSB). YUM adds automatic updates and package management, including dependency management, to RPM systems.The output in shows that YUM has found the x86_64 versions of gcc-gfortran and libquadmath-devel in a repository called "updates" (more on that shortly), and determined the total download size.After you respond "y" to agree to the transaction, it downloaded both packages, and then installed the dependency, followed by gcc-gfortran.You will need to get the dependent package or packages, try again, and see if there are additional dependencies—and keep doing this until all dependencies are satisfied.One good thing is that you can give the command a list of packages to install and it will install them all in the right order if all dependencies are satisfied.This tutorial focuses on the Red Hat Package Manager (RPM), which was developed by Red Hat, as well as the Yellowdog Updater Modified (YUM), which was originally developed to manage Red Hat Linux systems at Duke University's Physics department.